Obesity is a chronic disease involving an accumulation of excess fat sufficient to harm health. Individuals are considered obese if their Body Mass Index (BMI) is 30 or higher.
The first thing you need to do is to find out whether or not you are overweight, and if you are, by how much? To do this you have to calculate your Body Mass Index (BMI). If your BMI is above 23 you are overweight and if it is above 30, then you are obese.
BMI is a mathematical formula which expresses the ratio between a person’s body weight and height. Morbid obesity is a chronic, lifelong genetically related disease. It is defined by a BMI of 35 or above when obesity becomes morbid; the excess weight puts life at risk. The exact causes of morbid obesity are not understood, but there are, most likely, many factors involved. In obese people, the set point of stored energy is too high. This altered set point may result from a low metabolism with low energy expenditure, excessive caloric intake or a combination of both. On insulin-dependent diabetes is highly associated with obesity.
A weight gain of II to 18 pounds increases a person’s risk of developing type 2 diabetes to twice that of individuals who have not gained weight. After weight loss, up to 80% of patients find they no longer have symptoms or require diabetes medication.
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